How To Build And Set Traps For Small Game In Survival Situations

Hunting is an important skill to have in a survival situation. Being able to set traps can give you the upper hand when trying to catch small game such as rabbits, squirrels, and other rodents. With the right knowledge and materials, building and setting traps for small game can be done with relative ease. In this article, we will teach you how to build and set traps that are sure to capture your prey quickly and efficiently.

When it comes to trapping small game, the most crucial part of the process is knowing what type of trap works best for different types of animals. Different species require unique methods of luring them into the trap so that they can be captured successfully. We will discuss some effective ways to bait these animals as well as tips on where to place your traps for maximum efficiency.

Finally, we will provide you with detailed instructions on how to assemble various types of traps from scratch using readily available materials. Armed with this information, you should feel confident enough to start trapping small game in a survival situation--so let’s get started!


Traps are an important tool for survival in the wilderness, especially when small game is available. To build a successful trap, one must take the time to plan and properly prepare the necessary components ahead of time. This includes collecting materials like sticks, stones, string or wire, bait, and tools that can be used to construct a sturdy contraption.

In addition to gathering supplies and equipment, it’s essential to also have knowledge of animal behavior. Knowing what type of food they prefer and where they spend most of their time will help increase your chances at catching prey with traps. Furthermore, having an understanding of different types of traps will allow you to choose which ones work best for specific locations and situations. With preparation completed, one can move on to setting up their traps.

Types Of Traps

Once the materials have been gathered, it is important to determine which type of trap will be most effective in a given situation. There are many different types of traps available for small game, ranging from simple snares and deadfalls to more complex box or cage traps.

Snares are perhaps the simplest and easiest method of trapping, requiring only string or wire and some bait. Deadfall traps require sticks and stones as well as bait and can be an effective way to capture large prey when properly constructed. Box or cage traps use walls and doors that close after an animal enters the structure, allowing you to easily catch multiple animals at once. With these basic tools, one can set up a variety of traps tailored to their specific needs.

Placement And Setting

Having chosen the type of trap to use, it is important to select a location for setting it. Trapping an animal requires knowledge of its habits and environment; traps should be placed in areas where animals are likely to travel or congregate. Traps should also not be overly visible, as game will avoid them if they can see them clearly. If possible, traps should be set up along natural paths used by small game so that potential prey has no choice but to pass through the area.

It is equally important to ensure that the trap is properly constructed and secured before leaving it unattended. The bait must be securely attached and the trigger mechanism must work correctly; any flaws in construction could result in failure when trying to capture an animal. Additionally, all parts of the trap must remain concealed from view while still allowing access for smaller creatures like mice or birds. Once these criteria have been met, then you can move on to baiting and luring your target species into your snare or other type of trap.

Bait And Lure

Once the trap has been set and securely anchored, it is time to bait and lure animals. Depending on the species being targeted, different baits may be effective; for example, a mouse or rat trap might use cheese as bait while an animal snare could use something like birdseed. In either case, the bait should be placed in a way that will draw attention without being overly obvious.

In addition to bait, lures can also be used to attract game into your traps. For instance, calling devices like whistles or drums can entice certain species of birds or rodents to investigate further. Similarly, scents such as oils or herbs can help draw them closer to the source of their curiosity. Whether using food alone or combining both methods together, proper bait and lure techniques are essential for successful trapping efforts in any survival situation.


Having the right bait and lure is only half of successful trapping; once you've attracted animals to your traps, it's critical that they stay in place. This means regular maintenance should be done, ensuring all parts are securely attached and working correctly. Additionally, checking for signs of tampering or damage can help prevent potential theft or unintentional escape from happening.

Finally, when not actively using a trap, consider covering it with natural materials such as leaves or branches to better conceal its presence. Doing so can also provide additional insulation against harsh conditions like rain or snow. When properly maintained and hidden away, traps will remain ready to capture small game whenever needed in any survival situation.


In conclusion, setting traps for small game in a survival situation can be an invaluable tool to ensure the success of your mission. Traps require careful preparation and proper placement and should always include bait or lure to increase their effectiveness. Depending on what type of animal you are targeting, different types of traps will work best; snares for larger animals like rabbits and squirrels, deadfalls for smaller critters like mice or voles, or box-style traps for anything from birds to snakes. Once set up correctly, these traps need only minimal maintenance to remain effective. With a little knowledge and practice concerning trap building and setting techniques, anyone can become adept at trapping wild game under even the most primitive conditions.