How To Perform Cpr

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an important skill to know in the event of a medical emergency. It can save someone’s life, and it doesn't take long to learn how to do it correctly. Knowing CPR means being prepared for any potential situation that requires immediate action. In this article, we'll provide step-by-step instructions on how to perform CPR so you're ready when you need it most.

The American Red Cross estimates that nearly 326,000 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests occur annually in the United States alone — but less than one-third of those victims receive bystander CPR with chest compressions before EMS arrives. That's why it's essential for everyone to understand what CPR entails and how they can help if they find themselves in an emergency situation.

No matter your age or level of experience, anyone can learn the basics of CPR quickly and easily. So don’t be daunted by the thought of having to remember complex steps; just read on and get equipped with all the knowledge you need!


CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. It's a life-saving technique used when someone has stopped breathing or their heart has stopped beating. CPR is an emergency procedure that helps restore the flow of oxygenated blood to the brain and other vital organs until advanced medical help can be accessed.

The process involves chest compressions and rescue breaths, which are delivered in cycles of 30 compressions followed by two rescue breaths. This sequence needs to be repeated continuously until professional assistance arrives on the scene or until signs of circulation resume - such as coughing, movement, spontaneous breathing or a pulse being detected.

It’s important to note that while it’s possible to perform CPR without any prior training, attending a certified course is highly recommended so you can learn how to do it correctly and effectively.

Safety Precautions

Before beginning chest compressions, it is important to take certain safety precautions. First and foremost, check the scene for any potential hazards or dangers that may be present. Ensure there are no sharp objects near the patient’s body that could cause injury during CPR. Be sure to wear gloves if they are available in order to protect yourself from infectious diseases.

Next, assess whether the patient is unresponsive and not breathing normally by gently shaking their shoulders while asking “Are you okay?” If there is still no response, call 911 immediately before starting CPR. Make sure an automated external defibrillator (AED) is nearby so it can be used as needed during resuscitation efforts.

Finally, position yourself at the head of the person who requires CPR. Place your hands on the breastbone between their nipples and align your arms straight out with elbows locked. Push firmly down about two inches deep into their chest at a rate of 100-120 times per minute while counting aloud until help arrives or they regain consciousness.

Steps To Perform Cpr

CPR is an important skill to know and can save lives in emergency situations. There are several steps that must be taken when performing CPR, starting with making sure the environment is safe. First, check for any signs of danger such as hazardous materials or areas that may cause injury. If there is no imminent threat, determine if the person is conscious by tapping them on their shoulder and asking if they are okay. If the person does not respond, then begin rescue breathing followed by chest compressions.

Rescue breathing involves tilting the head back slightly and covering both nose and mouth with your mouth while you blow two breaths into the victim's lungs- each breath should last one second. After two rescue breaths have been administered, start chest compressions at a rate of 100-120 per minute and make sure to depress the sternum 1 ½ - 2 inches deep for every compression. Do thirty compressions before rechecking for consciousness or administering two more rescue breaths. Continue this cycle until professional help arrives or the victim regains consciousness.

Due to its importance, it’s essential that anyone who has received training refreshes themselves periodically so they remember how to perform proper CPR correctly in case of an emergency situation.

How To Administer Chest Compressions

Chest compressions are an important part of CPR and should be performed correctly to ensure optimal results. The first step is to locate the correct position on the person’s chest. Place two fingers at the lower half of their breastbone, then place your other hand over those two fingers. You want both hands to be in a straight line, with your arms locked for stability.

Once you have located the correct spot, begin pressing down firmly and quickly about 2 inches deep into the chest cavity. It's important that each thrust is done sharply and only takes 1 second to complete. Administer a total of 30 presses before pausing for two seconds. Continue this cycle until help arrives or until the person can respond again.

It's also recommended that you count out loud as you press so you can keep track of how many times you're pushing down on their chest. Make sure not to lean too hard during compressions; instead, use your body weight to provide extra pressure if needed while keeping your arms straight throughout.

When To Use An Automated External Defibrillator (Aed)

It is important to understand when and how to use an Automated External Defibrillator (AED) in order to provide effective CPR. An AED is a device that can detect abnormal heart rhythms, known as arrhythmias, and deliver electric shocks to restore normal heart function. The American Heart Association recommends the use of an AED if someone is unresponsive and not breathing normally or showing signs of circulation such as coughing or movement. If a person has had sudden cardiac arrest, it may be necessary to administer cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) while waiting for the arrival of an AED.

In any situation where there is reason to believe that a person has suffered cardiac arrest, activating emergency medical services should be done immediately even before attempting CPR or operating an AED. Once EMS arrive with their own AED, they will take over the responsibility of providing care. However, during this time period between calling 911 and EMS arriving on scene, bystanders can operate their own AEDs if available at the location.

The most important thing for anyone who operates an AED is following the instructions provided by the manufacturer carefully and precisely. Operating an AED incorrectly could put both patient and bystander in danger which would defeat its purpose entirely. It's also essential to remember that only those trained in proper operation of an AED are qualified to do so; operators should never attempt anything beyond what they have been taught in a class setting or from reading user manuals.


In conclusion, performing CPR can be a life-saving skill. It's important to remember the safety precautions and steps when you are put in a situation where someone needs help breathing. To begin, make sure that the environment is safe for both you and the person needing assistance. Then, check if they have a pulse by feeling for it on their neck or wrist. If there isn't one, start chest compressions at 100 beats per minute until an AED arrives or medical personnel arrive. An AED should only be used if advised by medical professionals as it can cause significant harm otherwise. With this knowledge under your belt, you'll be able to provide critical care with confidence in any emergency situation!